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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr Mrs Sarah M. Jabbar" <>
Date: Wed, 12 Jan 2022 04:28:49 -0800
Subject: I Have Business Deal For You

Hello Dear

I'm sorry to encroach into your privacy. My name is Dr Sarah M. Jabbar from

I am the wife of late Mr. Moses Jabbar, an industrialist herein Syria. Due
to the civil war in Syria, I want to relocate to your country to invest my
late husband fund in Real Estate as a foreign business partner.

If you can be interested and trusted I will give more details for further
directives. If you are not interested do not reply to this email and please
delete this message. Contact me directly on this

My Regards,
Dr Sarah M. Jabbar

Anti-fraud resources: