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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. J G L" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 11 Jan 2022 13:12:16 -0000
Subject: Please read and reply!

Hello Friend

I am very sorry in reaching out to you without a consent proper authorization, but I think it’s wise for me to share with you a business proposal of $18M for an investment transaction which is 100% risk free if interested please reply me for more details

Mr. J G L
Hallo, Freund

Es tut mir sehr leid, Sie ohne eine entsprechende Genehmigung zu kontaktieren, aber ich denke, es ist ratsam, Ihnen einen Gesch?ftsvorschlag in H?he von 18 Mio

Herr J. G. L

Anti-fraud resources: