fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: =?UTF-8?Q?Dr=2E_Frau_Burcu_Ha=C5=9Fim?= <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 11 Jan 2022 13:59:59 +0200
Ich bin Dr. Frau Burcu HaÅim fÃ¼r die QNB Finansbank Bank. Ich
habe einen GeschÃ¤ftsvorfall. Kann ich Ihnen vertrauen, dass Sie diese
Summe von $11.500.000,00 USD Ã¼berweisen. Wenn Sie bereit sind, mir zu
helfen, melden Sie sich bei mir, damit ich Sie weiter darÃ¼ber
informieren kann, wie wir diese Transaktion am besten perfektionieren
kÃ¶nnen, damit der Fonds an Sie in Ihrem Land Ã¼berwiesen wird.
Kontaktieren Sie mich unter: firstname.lastname@example.org fÃ¼r weitere
Dr. Frau Burcu HaÅim