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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr James Henderson <>
Date: Tue, 11 Jan 2022 12:30:44 +0100
Subject: Dear winner good news to you!!!!

Please be informed that your long awaited compensation funds payment,(
$20.8M Dollars only) has finally been approved but it has also been
brought to our notice that a gentle man named NEIL Jenner has just
forwarded a new bank coordinates, claiming that,he is your next of kin
and that you are dead. Now, here comes the big question:

Did you authorize the above mentioned person to claim your funds? Are
you truly dead or alive? Is Jenner your next of kin? If no, kindly
reconfirm this information and get back to us with the below
information for verification as the wire will be done within 48hours
from this notice:

Your name:
Current home address:
Telephone Number:

Anti-fraud resources: