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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Agent David Jackson <>
Date: Tue, 11 Jan 2022 01:38:06 -0800
Subject: ($2,600,000.00 USD) FOR BEING SCAM VICTIM.


To: Beneficiary:

I am David Jackson an FBI special agent, I am contacting you from
Hayward California, United States. I was delegated alongside others by
the United Nations to investigate fraudsters who had been in the
business of swindling United States citizens and other foreign
countries, especially those that had one form of transaction/contracts
and another. Please be informed that in the course of our
investigation,we detected your name and details in our Scammed
Monitoring Network. We also found out that you were scammed of a huge
sum of money by impostors via Western Union and MoneyGram. Be informed
that in a bid to alleviate the suffering of scammed victims, the
United Nations initiated this compensation program and therefore, you
have been listed among others to receive the sum of Two Million Six
Hundred Thousand United States Dollars ($2,600,000.00 USD) each for
being a victim.

Note that the said fund will be released to you via our paying bank as
mandated by the United Nations.

However, we are working very hard to arrest some of the swindlers who
have been in this illicit business and will all be prosecuted
accordingly. Be informed that our office is located in Hayward
California, United States, in case you find it ideal to visit, so we
will advise you to urgently respond to this message ASAP. And do not
inform any of the people that collected money from you before now
about this new development to avoid jeopardising our investigation.
All you need to do is to follow our instructions and receive your
compensation accordingly as directed by the United Nations. We
urgently wait to receive your response.

Reply to:

Yours sincerely,

Agent David Jackson

Anti-fraud resources: