fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "a security company " (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "the consignment" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Aysha Gaddafi <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 11 Jan 2022 06:33:42 +0100
Subject: Dear Friend,
My name is Aisha Al-Qaddafi a single Mother and a Widow with three
Children. I am the eldest Daughter of late Libyan President (Late
Colonel Muammar Gaddafi).I am in need of your assistance.I have
investment funds worth ($25.500.000.00 ) I deposited this funds with
a Security company in Dubai UAE, and i need a trusted investment
Manager/Partner because of my current refugee status, however, I am
interested in you for investment project assistance in your country,
may be from there, we can build business relationship in the nearest
I seek refugee asylum here in Algeria I am in a hospital here in
Algeria where I have been undergoing treatment for an acute esophageal
Cancer I want you to assist me to receive the funds on my behalf I am
willing to negotiate investment/business with you If you are willing
to handle this project on my behalf kindly reply urgent to enable me
provide you more information I deposited this fund as 400 KG Gold I
will issue a letter of authorization and certificate of deposit to you
that will empower the security company to release the consignment to
you without any delay.
Mrs Aisha Gaddafi