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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barr Muhammed Bani Hashem" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 11 Jan 2022 01:47:04 -0000
Subject: Advocates & Legal Consultants


My Name is Barrister Muhammed Bani Hashem, Attorney at (MBH) Advocates team Dubai, U.A.E. A deceased client of mine, who shares the same last name as yours,He died as the result of a heart-related condition on March 20th 2010. His heart condition was due to the death of all the members of his family in the Air France plane crash on the 1st June 2009 that fail into Atlantic Ocean.

i am contacting you to assist in distributing the money left behind by my client before it will be confiscated or declared unserviceable by the bank where this deposit valued at Twenty million United State Dollars (20Million USD) is lodged. This bank has issued a notice to contact the next of kin of the account or the account will be confiscated.

My proposition to you is to seek your consent to present you as the next-of-kin and beneficiary of my named client, since you have the same last name, so that the proceeds of this account can be paid to you. We can share the amount on a mutually agreed-upon percentage 50/50 %. All legal documents to back up your claim as my client's next-of-kin will be provided. All I require is your honest cooperation to enable us to see this transaction through.

This will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any breach of the law. If this business proposition offends your moral values, do accept my apology. I must use this opportunity to implore you to exercise the utmost indulgence to keep this matter extraordinarily confidential whatever your decision is or not, while I await your prompt response. Please contact me as soon as possible to indicate your interest.

I would like you to acknowledge the receipt of this e-mail as soon as possible through this email ( ) and treat it with absolute confidentiality and sincerity.

I look forward to your quick reply, May Almighty Allah Bless You.


Barr Muhammed Bani Hashem (MBH)
Advocates & Legal Consultants

Anti-fraud resources: