fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "transaction is risk free" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. Zweli Mkhize" <email@example.com>
Reply-To: "Dr. Zweli Mkhize" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 10 Jan 2022 09:18:56 -0600 (CST)
Subject: Your Attention Please
Good day to you.
Your Attention Please
I know this message may have come to you as a surprised hence I do not know you in Person and considering the high level of internet Fraud on the internet globally which is the easiest place for business connection but that will not stop the good of conscience in connecting each other for genie businesses permit however it is to introduce to you this business and profitable proposal, be informed that i got your email contact during my search on the south African Journal Online record list
file, and decided to ask for your corporation after going through your managerial and administrative ideologies which really got my attention, from all indications you are very sincere person and i know you will not let me down. My name is Dr. Zweli Mkhize; I work for the Department of Health and the formal Health Minister here in the Republic of South Africa.
As a matter of fact, this project is specifically a DEAL, which I arranged last year 2020 from the funds our Government provided for COVID-19 mitigation. My reason for contacting you is that; this fund is now secured in one of the High Ranked bank here in South Africa. In order to successfully claim these funds without jeopardising
my integrity, I will require a partner to handle this transaction with me. As soon as we secure these funds, the funds will be shared between us. I will link you up with the bank as the supplier, who will be receiving the unpaid balance for the VENTILATORS , VANCEENS and PPE that was supplied to the Department of Health last April.
This transaction is risk free, and I will need your commitment, honesty, transparency and trust, you will also be required to provide us with the following: (a)Bank account that will be able to accommodate the funds (US$10, 500,000.00) Ten Million Five hundred United States Dollars, which is the balance amount involved on this supply.(b) You have to be able to bring out your time to follow up with this transaction and also ensure that you communicate directly with the bank, as the bank will liaise with my office since it is a legal supply that was made last year (I personally over invoiced the Department).
As soon as the deal is successfully completed, I would like to personally meet with you and through this deal, you will as well have the opportunity to proceed with other contracts with our Government through my connection. Please note that this project is 100% LEGAL and if you are interested in this proposition, then revert back by sending me an email to notify me of your interest for more information. If you are interested, kindly provide me with the below information via
I will be waiting to hear from you in due course.
Dr. Zweli Mkhize