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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Duff Mathieu <>
Date: Sat, 8 Jan 2022 19:49:09 +0000
Subject: Greetings my Beloved,

I am Mr. Mathieu Duff, I am 59 years old; I am dropping this short
message from my sick bed after being diagnosed with a long-time cancer
of the blood.

From all indications, my condition is really deteriorating, and my
doctor has courageously advised that I may not live beyond the next
two months, this is because the Seriousness of the cancer has reached
a critical stage. I am looking for a trust and Good someone to confide

I have a fortune/Project ($4.5M) I want to entrust into your care. You
will use this money to help the needy, motherless, orphans and widows.
I am widowed and without a child, if you will promise to see that my
last wish has been accomplished to the Glory of God and humanity.

As soon as I hear from you, I will give you more information on this.

May God bless you really well.

Yours Sincerely
Mr. Mathieu Duff

Anti-fraud resources: