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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Executive Governor Central Bank of Nigeria(CBN)" <>
Date: Sat, 8 Jan 2022 15:10:36 +0100

Our Ref: CBN/IRD/CBX/021/11
You can also reply to me on this email ( )


This is to bring to your notice from the Central Bank Remittance
Department that your outstanding contractual payment which was
suspended by the Nigerian government there by stopping the TELEX
pause the transfer of your contract fund to your nominated bank
account. As a result of this development verification conducted by the
Finance Ministry in conjunction with the Debt Verification Panel on
your contract case file has been endorsed for payment awaiting your
confirmations. In view of several efforts already made by us to
contact you for the
following reasons based on the new account submitted to this office on
your behalf:

(1) My Office desks have just received a sworn affidavit from Mr.
RAINER HESSE of Germany to re-route your payment into a new bank
account number as stated VACAP Federal Credit Union, 1700 Robin Hood
Road, Richmond, VA 23220. Account number 32501. of Mr. RAINER HESSE.

(2)The sum of $27,000,000.00 ( Twenty Seven Million US Dollars)Please,
confirm to our office if you have instructed Mr. RAINER HESSE of
GERMANY to appoint an attorney/agent on your behalf thereby asking
that he receive cash call remittance on your behalf.

(3) It has come to our notice that you are being contacted by
unauthorized individuals with respect to your contract payment but
unfortunately this office is not aware of your unofficial dealings and
warned that it is at your own risk.

(4) Please, also confirm if you have authorized Mr. RAINER HESSE to
change your banking particulars to the following particulars stated
below: VACAP Federal Credit Union, 1700 Robin Hood Road, Richmond,
VA23220. Account number 3250163 Also re-confirm your Contract Number,
Contract Amount,
Private Telephone and Fax number, your email address, Office or home
address so that we can cross-check it with our file records.

We have decided to contact you for re-verification because we
suspected that Mr. RAINER HESSE is trying to divert your money through
the sworn affidavit into a new different bank account. You are
advised to get back to this office within 7days from today. You can
also reply to me on this email( ).

Gov. Mr. Godwin Emefiele

Anti-fraud resources: