fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dearest one," (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "may come to you as a surprise" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "contact me immediately" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Alsha Aisha <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 6 Jan 2022 13:34:15 +0000
Subject: Hi Dear
Greetings Dearest One,
This letter may come to you as a surprise, but I want you to
understand that it is only through an opportunity that people can meet
each other and become friends and business partners in life.
I am Mrs.Aisha El Gaddafi, the only daughters of the late embattled
president of Libya (Col.Muammar Gaddafi) I am currently residing in
one of the African Countries, unfortunately as a refugee. At the
meantime, my family is the target of Western nations led by Nato who
lead the death of my father at all costs and Our investments and bank
accounts in several countries are their targets to freeze.
I have no option rather to contact an interested foreign
investor/partner who will be able to take absolute control of part of
the vast cash available in a private account that my late father open
on my behalf here in the country before his sudden death by the
kindly reply me back immediately for more details on how to execute
the project.Please one more very important thing here, is that you
donât have to disclose it to any body because of what is going with my
entire family, if the united nation happens to know this account, they
will freeze it as they freeze others so keep this transaction for
yourself only until we finalize it. I want to transfer this money into
your account immediately for onward investment in your country because
I donât want the united nation to know about this account of which you
are aware of my family problems.
About me and the reason why I am now in BURKINA FASO as you can read
more in the linked below Please inter the link to read and know more
about me and the reason why I contacted you.
I have the sum of US$ 6.5 Six Million Five Hundred Thousand in Bank
Of Africa (BOA).
Therefore if you are capable of running an establishment and can
maintain the high level of secrecy required in this project, kindly
reply with the following information for details of the project it it
You are advice to contact me immediately for more details if you are
really interested. As soon as i hear from you, i will give you more
details of this transaction.
Mrs.Aisha El Gaddafi