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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Thu, 6 Jan 2022 10:48:47 +0100

I am Barbara Simmons personal assistant to a deceased client of mine, who
shares the same last name as yours, who died as a result of a

condition on March 20th 2001. His heart condition was due to the death of
all the members of his family in the Air France plane crash on the 1st June

that fell into Atlantic Ocean.

i am contacting you to assist in distributing the money left behind by my
client before it will be confiscated or declared unserviceable by the bank
where this deposit valued at five million United States dollars ($5m usd
)is lodged. The bank has issued me a notice to contact the next of kin or
the Family Trustee or the funds will be confiscated.and i have nobody in
his family to contact since all members of his family died on the flight

My proposition to you is to seek your consent to present you as the
next-of-kin or Family Trustee and beneficiary of my late clients funds
with the bank, since you have the same last name, so that the proceeds of
this account can be paid to you. Then we can share the amount on a mutually
agreed percentage. All legal documents to back up your claim as my client's
next-of-kin or family Trustee will be provided. All I require is your
honest cooperation to enable us see this transaction through.

This will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect you
from any breach of the law. I must use this opportunity to implore you to
exercise the utmost indulgence to keep this matter extraordinarily

I have the deposit certificate of the funds to back up our claims

whatever your decision is, while I await your prompt response. Please
me as soon as possible to indicate your interest. I would like you to
acknowledge the receipt of this e-mail as soon as possible through this
email ( and treat it with absolute
confidentiality and sincerity. I look forward to your quick reply.

Barbara Simmons

Anti-fraud resources: