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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. J. Philip Gabriel," <>
Date: Thu, 6 Jan 2022 04:23:30 -0800
Subject: My Offer


Good Day friend, My name is Mr. J. Philip Gabriel, I work with one of
the leading security company here in Germany I have sent you an email
severe times but I'm not sure if you received it, because I have not
heard from you, this is the reason why I repeated it again. I am in
possession of documents that our late client made deposit of one
consignment box that contains five million Euros and ten kilogram of
gold. Are you ready to be my partner? As you can see, this is a deal
that can benefit both of us as I cannot fold my hand looking our
company management to benefit what comes to my table, please if you
are ready to partner with me to transfer this consignment box to your
country let me know so that we can proceed immediately, bear in mind
that the deal is 50/50% no risky involve.

Mr. J. Philip Gabriel,
Whatsapp: +49 1514 5196402

Anti-fraud resources: