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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Haskel" <>
Date: Thu, 06 Jan 2022 01:20:46 -0800
Subject: Investment Vorschlag

Grüße von Jonathan Haskel, ich fühle mich geehrt, a
vorteilhafter Vorschlag an Sie; Ich möchte Sie dringend um Hilfe bitten, um die Summe von 70,9 Millionen Dollar zu erhalten. Ich würde mich über Ihre sofortige Antwort freuen, damit ich Ihnen mehr Details mitteilen und diese Transaktion so schnell wie möglich ohne Risiko abschließen kann.

Jonathan Haskel

Greetings from Jonathan Haskel, I am honoured to introduce a
beneficial proposal to you; I wish to request your urgent assistance to receive the sum of $70.9 Million dollars. I would appreciate your immediately response to enable me tell you more details and thus, finish this transaction as quickly as possible without any risk.

Jonathan Haskel

Anti-fraud resources: