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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Manuel Franco" <>
Date: Wed, 05 Jan 2022 15:54:26 -0800
Subject: RE

Hello, I am Manuel Franco, you have a donation of $2,800,000.00. I won th=
e $768 million Powerball lottery on March 27, 2019, I am donating part of i=
t to five lucky people and Ten Charity organizations. You email came out vi=
ctorious. Contact me urgently for claims via: wa=
tch my full interview here: we wish you a ha=
ppy christmas and a prosperous new, we urge you to reach out to the poor ar=
ound you in the best way you can and also invest in yourself.

This email has been checked for viruses by Avast antivirus software.

Anti-fraud resources: