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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Wed, 5 Jan 2022 14:40:52 -0800
Subject: Dear email owner,

Dear email owner,

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) compensates all victims of fraud
and your email address was found on the list of victims of fraud. This
Western Union office has been hired by the IMF to transfer your
compensation to you via Western Union Money Transfer.

However, we have decided to make your own payment through Western
Union Money Transfer, $5,000 per day until the total of $900,000.00,
has been transferred to you in full.

We may not be able to send the payment with your email address alone,
so we need your information on where we will send the money to
you,such as:

Name of the addressee________________
Telephone number________________
Attached copy of your ID_____________
Age ________________________

We will start the transfer once we have received your information:
Contact email (

Thank you faithfully,

Tel: +1 (305) 7808038
Director of Western Union Money Transfer.

Tel/WhatsApp +44 7818311854
Director of Western Union Money Transfer.

Anti-fraud resources: