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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Troy S. Miller" <>
Date: Wed, 05 Jan 2022 09:57:38 -0800

U.S. Customs and Border Protection Commissioner
1300 Pennsylvania Ave NW Washington, DC 20004, USA

Good Day!

This office is writing to you to let you know that we have
successfully brought all foreign transactions down here because of the
complaints and reports we are receiving that citizens are being
intimidating, cheating and depriving their legal right to their
inherited, winning and contract funds from foreign countries.

Therefore all matter regarding local and international transactions
from African, Europe, Asia etc has been released and a total funds of
$8,700,000.00 United States Dollars is in your name according to the
gathered files so far and you are to contact us today for the release
and the claim of the funds if you are still interested to receive your
funds as we have done our best to secure all the funds that was unable
to transfer from foreign agents due to one reason or the other.

N:B After this clearing house, all unclaimed funds go to the Federal
treasury as unclaimed funds as the beneficiary will be assumed dead or
lack the capacity to claim said amount.

Troy S. Miller
Commissioner CBP

Anti-fraud resources: