fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "courier company" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- This email message is a "New Partner from Paraguay" scam.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Yahoo; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
- *name:rev.pastor chris okeson* *email address: ( firstname.lastname@example.org (Yahoo; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: Zuma Hamson <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 5 Jan 2022 08:31:44 -0100
Subject: Happy New Year,
*Happy New Year,*
*how are you today? Itâs been long I heard from you. Well, I just want to
use this medium to thank you very much for your earlier assistance in
receiving the funds which though didnât work as planned. the fund been
transferred into an account provided by a newly found business partner of
mine from India . I wish to compensate you for your past assistance, effort
and commitments that time to help me out I am in India right now to
establish some business and possibly buy some properties also.*
*I did this simply to show you that it is good to do good things to the
right people always, presently I am in India for investment project with my
own share under the advice of my partner, though before I left Togo
Republic to India I gave my Pastor ATM MasterCard uploaded $800,000.00 and
I left an instruction to him to send the ATM card to you through DHL, FedEx
or UPS or any courier company of your choice immediately you send to him
the necessary information as listed below.*
*I will be sending you e-mail from time to time to know if you have
received your share or not. SEND HIM THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION TO PROVE
YOURSELF TO HIM*
*Name:Rev.pastor Chris Okeson*
*Email address: ( firstname.lastname@example.org
*I left every instruction with him to assist you and have the bank wire the
fund to you as soon as you contact him, so make sure you re-confirm your:*
*Your Full Names..............*
*Your Home Address............*
*Your Cell Phone Number......*
*The Above information will enable him to recognize you.*
*With All My Appreciation.*