fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
Fraud email example:
From: Nicholas James <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 5 Jan 2022 10:08:42 +0100
Subject: Non-Ticket / Online E-mail Address Winning
Non-Ticket / Online E-mail Address Winning
On behalf of the Kingdom of Thailand Lottery Commission and Asia
Pacific Endowment Foundation/UK in conjunction with the VISA (ATM
-CARD), we wish to notify and congratulate you, that you're "Email
Address" was selected as one of the six lucky winners in this 2021
edition of Bangkok Lottery. Your Email Address won the Prize-Money in
category "B" which is the sum of Seven Million Six hundred thousand
British pound sterling (GBPÂ£7,600,000).
For verification and release of your GBPÂ£7,600,000 winning cash prize
which is already up-loaded into the VISA (ATM -CARD);
Kindly send the following information:- 1. Full Name, 2. Telephone
number, 3. Home Address (P.O Box Not Acceptable), 4. Age, 5.
Occupation and Country:
to the Lottery Online Agent Mr. Frank Mathis
on this Email:email@example.com
Once again Congratulations!
Publicity Secretary; Sincerely.
Yours in service,
Mr. Nicholas James
Online- Coordinator UK/ Asia lottery