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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Ekel Franklyn <>
Date: Tue, 4 Jan 2022 23:45:40 +0100
Subject: Money Gram International new year winning price lotto

Money Gram International new year winning price lotto was held and
your email and name was among the 10 lucky winners, Money Gram
International has agreed to pay

$1,000 to you through Money Transfer payment
Tracking Number : 61966318
Sender's Name : Ekel Franklyn

You have to send iTunes or Google play card of $100 to enable the
transfer department use it to load and active your transfer system for
your claim of Fund, so you are

advise to send the card with the receipt

Anti-fraud resources: