fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Rex Leak email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 5 Jan 2022 05:17:29 +0900 (JST)
Subject: ATTN;DEAR BENEFICIARY
In a recent meeting held with the new FBI Director concerning debt
reconciliation, this is to inform you that we have agreed to release
fund worth ($3.8Million) which will come via Global Automatic Teller
Machine debit master Card as instructed from our headquarter by
Wray, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). However,
below information is needed as to enable the profiling of your ATM card
its delivery to you:
Underneath is the contact information of appointed dispatch person whom
are to forward the above requested details:
Contact Person: Mr. Larry Wilson
Once we receive this information, we will proceed without delay.
Mr. Rex Leake