fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "account opening" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "await your urgent response" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- "barrister" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- "abuja" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
Fraud email example:
From: Barrister Joe Williams <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 4 Jan 2022 21:04:21 +0100
Subject: I await your urgent response.
From the office of
Barrister Joe Williams.
After my personal meeting with Board and Management of (CBN,in
Abuja,this concerning your part fund $10.5M (TEN MILLION FIVE UNITED
STATE DOLLARS), it was concluded that your should be paid to you
through our affiliate bank which nearest to you in Canada,The CIBC
BANK CANADA,They have the legal rights and back up to transfer your
funds your bank account without any delays or questions from body or
governments of any Nations.
So please return back to me so I forward to you immediately the
contact information of paying bank there in Canada,and request how
best you wish to receive your fund that is currently deposited their
STRONG ROOM for easy and on-wards remittance into account
co-ordinates. You may also request for an online opening with the bank
to enable you obtain the( BANK EASY CARD transaction with ATM.
1) Your full name.(2)Phone number.
3) Company name, position and address.
NO PAYMENT IS REQUIRED FROM YOU FOR ACCOUNT OPENING FROM CIBC BANK
THERE IN CANADA.
I await your urgent response.
Barrister Joe Williams.
Central Bank of Nigeria.