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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: westbury bruce phillipp <>
Date: Tue, 4 Jan 2022 13:32:44 +0000
Subject: Kindly Confirm

My Name is Westbury .B.Philip esq. Contact me for more information on the
transfer of ($7.9M) left by my late client. I want to present you as a
business partner and next of kin of the fund. I will give you the details
of this transaction, as soon as I hear from you. I need the information
Full Name:
Personal Telephone:
Best Regards,
Hon Westbury .B.Philip esq

Anti-fraud resources: