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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: customer service <>
Date: Tue, 4 Jan 2022 03:42:28 -0800
Subject: Kristalina Georgieva (I.M.F)

This is the second time we are notifying you about these said Funds.
After due vetting and evaluation of your file that was sent to us by
the U.N Government in conjunction with the Ministry of Finance we
International Monetary Fund (IMF) has an instruction to see to the
immediate release of the sum of (US$2.5Million) of your long over due
payment that has been holding since is transferred into your Bank
Account from their Domiciliary Account.

I hope this is clear. Any action and further communication with any
correspondence contrary to this instruction is at your own risk, get
back to us with immediate effect and we shall give you further details
on how your Fund will be
released to you.


Kristalina Georgieva (I.M.F)

Anti-fraud resources: