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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Tue, 4 Jan 2022 13:11:25 +0200
Subject: We are told that you are dead/late

Reserve Bank of South Africa

25 Burg Street, Cape Town

Approval of your delayed transfer, the SOUTH AFRICAN RESERVE BANK, BANK OF
AMERICA, UNITED NATIONS and UK Lottery Board, has settled to release your
funds, which you long struggled to retrieve due to irregularities from
corrupt officials. For now, the amount of US$1,000,000.00 is approved/
appropriated to be released to you unconditionally and the rest/ balance
would be released to you in the month of June 2022.

We are told that you are dead/late so If you are alive you should
immediately reply to enable us to correct the information.

We advise you to stop every or any communication with any other pupils or
organizations, as this remains the only authentic avenue available for you
to retrieve your funds.

Yours faithfully,

Mr. Elijah M.

Notice to Recipient: This email (and any attachments) is only intended for
the use of the person or entity to which it is addressed, and may contain
information that is privileged and confidential. You, the recipient, are
obligated to maintain it in a safe, secure and confidential manner.
Unauthorized disclosure or failure to maintain confidentiality may subject
you to federal and state penalties. If you are not the recipient, please
immediately notify us, return email, and delete this message from your

Anti-fraud resources: