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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Richard Edward <>
Date: Tue, 4 Jan 2022 01:46:00 -0800
Subject: Dear Respectfully,

Dear Respectfully,

In my long years of work with top financial management companies,
l have earned the confidence of most of our high
net-worth clients. I presently have two clients (Non Europeans) who
have funds to give out for investment either on equity or loan basis.
The areas to be considered for the investment are as follows Real
estate, Oil & Gas, Agriculture, Health, Aviation, Tourism, Retail,
Construction, IT & Communications, Technology, Education, Energy,
Engineering, Utilities, Telecom's, Mining, Maritime, sustainable
energy and host of other profitable ventures.

Intending beneficiaries must have a business plan and show their
capability to manage huge funds. The beneficiary must be able to
deliver good and sustainable returns on investment to the investor
annually. If you are that person or establishment seeking to expand
your existing business or you have new ideas waiting for
implementation, the opportunity
is here. contact me on

Richard C. Edward

Anti-fraud resources: