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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Paul Benson <>
Date: Mon, 3 Jan 2022 02:25:25 -0800
Subject: Contact United Bank for Africa U B A

Attention dear
An ATM card worth $1.5 million united state dollars is to deliver to
you, We the united bank for Africa (UBA) under the customer care
service will take care of the delivery fee and clearance fee, the
only what you have to send the Mr Paul Benson is stamp duty fee which
is $175 are to send him the fee to ships the package today and
don,t forget to send him your address where the package can be deliver
to you and a phone he can use to reach you.
Miss, Ngozika Ivenson

Anti-fraud resources: