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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Jeffery Lambert <>
Date: Mon, 3 Jan 2022 03:52:39 -0800
Subject: Hello

Good day,

This is a personal email directed to you and I request that it’s been
treated as such. I got your email from online directory; I would need
your assistance in re-profiling funds belonging to my late client who
shares similar surnames with you. Contact me for more detailed
information at (


Jeffery Lambert ESQ
This e-mail contains legally privileged and confidential information
intended for the individual or entity named in the message. If the
reader of this message is not the intended recipient, or the agent
responsible to deliver it to the intended recipient, you are hereby
notified that any review, disseminating or copying of this
communication is strictly prohibited.

Anti-fraud resources: