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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Piramal Foundation <>
Date: Mon, 3 Jan 2022 11:31:05 +0530
Subject: Donation Of $1.5M For You!

Attn: E-mail Beneficiary,


This letter is to notify you that you have been awarded the sum of
US$1,500,000 (One Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars) by
Piramal Foundation Covid-19 Relief Funds for Mitigation of the Impact of
Coronavirus Pandemic.

If this is a valid e-mail account, contact us immediately for comprehensive

For more details Google Ajay Piramal.


Narayanan Iyer
Chief Financial Officer
Piramal Foundation

Anti-fraud resources: