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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Amita Patel" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 2 Jan 2022 22:31:21 +0100

Hello Dear,

How are you today? You probably must be thinking how strange it is to receive a message from a total stranger. I am Amita, I live in Florida and sorry for reaching out to you in such a strange way. I decided to use the internet because it still remains the safest and fastest means of getting information, sharing opinion across to an audience and connecting with people from halfway around the world.

The purpose of this message is for us to get connected, be good friends and learn about each other.

I'll hope to hear from you. Thanks.

Take care,

Anti-fraud resources: