fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Adeline Rodrigues <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 2 Jan 2022 18:10:01 -0800
Subject: From Adeline
Good Day Dearest.
My name is Adeline Rodrigues I am 35 year's old, the only daughter of
late MR. RODRIGUES PASCAL JOSE from Burkina Faso, I am contacting you
to help me relocate to your country to continue my future in your
country, because before my father died he gave me a deposit slip
document of ($7.7 Million United State Dollars) and let me understand
that it was because of his position in government that his government
associates planed and poisoned him on a business trip with them to
France and he advised me to look for a faithful and reliable foreigner
who will help me to transfer this money to his country and help me to
relocate over there to continue my future.
I hope you will help me with good faith and trust I have in you, after
you have secured the money and settle staying in your country
peacefully, I will give you 40% of the money for your good and kind
assistance to me.
I waiting on your reply