fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "will come to you as a surprise" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: ConSULT <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 31 Dec 2021 09:30:35 +0000
Subject: Attention Pls:
I Know This Message Will Come to You as a Surprise as we have not met
before and because of a lot of activities going on in the internet today.
But I assure you that this is real. Please do welcome this letter and help
out as you finish reading.
I am the accountant Manager with Prime Bank here in Lome, Republic of Togo.
A national of your country, who used to work with an oil servicing company
here, the late client made a numbered time (fixed) deposited, valued at
10,500,000.00 (Ten Million, Five Hundred Thousand American) in my branch.
my proposal is that I will like you as a foreigner to stand in as the next
of kin to deceased person for the fact that you have same Nationality with
him so that this money will not be reverted by the government.
I Want you to stand as the nearest person (next of Kin) to the deceased
customer for this claims/ release to you.
Upon Your Reply. I Will Give You Details on How the Business Will Be
Executed, and I hope that you will not expose or betray this trust and
confident that I am about to repose on you for mutual benefits of our
I am waiting for your response, Have a great day.