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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Dono Winnie" <>
Date: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 15:34:20 -0800
Subject: Dear Beneficiary,


Dear Beneficiary,

The goodnews now is that your funds which is $4.5
Million USD and which has been with bank so far
has been signed and approved for final transfer to
your account with immediate effect.
You are to immediately contact Bank of America and
pay them $75 USD closing file charge .
This is the only fee to pay to enable bank
transfer your funds to you Ok.
Contact Person:
E-mail: (
Tell : (313) 277-9675) sms
Dr. Dono Winnie
Customer Service Manager
Bank of America

Anti-fraud resources: