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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Miss. Jennifer Williams" <>
Date: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 05:38:53 -0800
Subject: A Citizen Of United States


Please my name is Miss. Jennifer Williams secretary at the Eco Bank
Capital London, A Citizen of United States of America,
Presently serving as the head of audit at the payment remittance
department here in (U.K branch of Eco Bank Capital London) I have a
business proposal that will benefit the both of us which I wish to
discuss with you.

Kindly get back to me for more details.

Kind Regards,
Miss. Jennifer Williams

Anti-fraud resources: