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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Kristalina Georgieva <>
Date: Wed, 29 Dec 2021 18:16:32 -0800

Good day dear

This is Ms Kristalina Georgieva. The managing director of
International Monetary Fund and I am writing you regarding your funds
worth $10million in our possession. However, the funds has arrived
United States of which I sent you a text earlier but had no response
from you, This is the second text message I am sending across to you.
Kindly get back to me immediately, for the release of your funds from
the authorities and we’ll commence the delivery immediately. Call or
text me back as soon as possible. I await your response.

Ms Kristalina Georgieva
The managing director of International Monetary Fund

Anti-fraud resources: