fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "SHAWN MARK" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 28 Dec 2021 04:46:50 +0100
ACCOUNTS SARB PRETORIA SOUTH AFRICA 2021/22
TEL:+27 65 880 3444
This is to bring to your notice that I have been delegated from the South =
African Reserve Bank,Pretoria to pay your compensation fund as you have bee=
n listed and approved for this years victims and I want you to get back to =
me for the immediate payment without delay of the amount you spent in the t=
ransaction we noticed passed through the Reserve Bank over the past years.
On this faithful recommendation during the last Audit it was alarmed so mu=
ch by the loss of fund in your capacity under the just concluded state capt=
ure in order to eradicate corruption and fraud in our Country.
You can receive your compensations/payment of the amount you spent with in=
terest via any of the options operated by the South African Reserve Bank Ac=
Send to me to process immediately the following;
4.AMOUNT SPENT WITH ANY PROOF
As soon as I receive I will go through the system and do the payout with y=