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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Grace Reid <>
Date: Mon, 27 Dec 2021 23:45:21 +0000
Subject: Compliments of the Season

Attn: Beneficiary,

The Compensation Fund which is currently estimated at $2,400,000.00
has been approved by the UN-World Bank. After the last survey/draw
your e-mail was randomly selected among others to receive this
compensation payment.

You are advice to select from the options below, the means by which
you will like to receive your Fund.

Ø Certified Bank Draft
Ø ATM Master Card

Feel free to contact this bona fide agent for further explanation.

Name: Mr.James Alban

You have been correctly informed.

Grace Reid

Anti-fraud resources: