fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "abuja" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- "cotonou" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Oleg Golovenko" <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 27 Dec 2021 08:18:51 -0800
Subject: Dear Customer
DHL International Nigeria Lot No. 23 Patte D'Oie 03 BP 2147 Cotonou,
Nigeria Abuja.DHL Express is a wellestablished company offering
courier and transportservices 24 hours for priority delivery of
letters, parcels and consignments to any destination by road, air or sea.
This is DHL courier Delivery Company of Nigeria Abuja, the management of this
company wishes to inform you that we received a parcel containing an ATM Master
Card valued $2,500,000.00, Dollars with some vital documents attached on it for
safety delivery to your residential address in your country. This parcel was
brought to us this morning by the ATM Card payment office Benin with the below
information. Please reconfirm the below information to avoid delivery of your
ATM Master Card to wrong hand.
Parcel owner addressâ¦â¦
Nearest Airport. ...
We will register your package and send you the tracking numbers before we
proceed for safety delivery of your package as soon as you reconfirm the
required information for safety delivery. DHL is one of the worldâs great
success stories. The startup that revolutionized the delivery of packages and
information. In the past 33 years, weâve grown up and grown into a diverse
family of companies as DHL thatâs bigger, stronger, better than ever.
The Manager DHL Courier Delivery Details.
Mr. Oleg Golovenko,
DHL Manager Nigeria Abuja
Telephone:+234 8109 2790 82?