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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Oleg Golovenko" <>
Date: Mon, 27 Dec 2021 08:18:51 -0800
Subject: Dear Customer

DHL International Nigeria Lot No. 23 Patte D'Oie 03 BP 2147 Cotonou,
Nigeria Abuja.DHL Express is a wellestablished company offering
courier and transportservices 24 hours for priority delivery of
letters, parcels and consignments to any destination by road, air or sea.

Dear Customer

This is DHL courier Delivery Company of Nigeria Abuja, the management of this
company wishes to inform you that we received a parcel containing an ATM Master
Card valued $2,500,000.00, Dollars with some vital documents attached on it for
safety delivery to your residential address in your country. This parcel was
brought to us this morning by the ATM Card payment office Benin with the below
information. Please reconfirm the below information to avoid delivery of your
ATM Master Card to wrong hand.

Full names…………
Parcel owner address……
Passport/Driving License
Nearest Airport. ...

We will register your package and send you the tracking numbers before we
proceed for safety delivery of your package as soon as you reconfirm the
required information for safety delivery. DHL is one of the world’s great
success stories. The startup that revolutionized the delivery of packages and
information. In the past 33 years, we’ve grown up and grown into a diverse
family of companies as DHL that’s bigger, stronger, better than ever.

The Manager DHL Courier Delivery Details.
Yours affectionately.
Mr. Oleg Golovenko,
DHL Manager Nigeria Abuja
Telephone:+234 8109 2790 82?

Anti-fraud resources: