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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "BNP Bank." <>
Date: Mon, 27 Dec 2021 09:09:50 +0100
Subject: RSVP..!!'

BNP Paribas
16 Blvd. des Italiens,
Paris, 75009 France.
Tel: 33157082200

Attention: Beneficiary,

Your authorized ATM card valued US$5,600,000.00 is ready to be shipped to
your address, get back to me with your Full Name: Occupation: Cell phone
and address where the authorized ATM card will be delivered to. Please
reply via

Wait for your urgent reply.

Yours Sincerely,

Mr. Thierry Taing,
Director Online Transfer Department,
BNP Paribas, Paris, France.

Anti-fraud resources: