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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Tue, 21 Dec 2021 09:55:40 +0800
Subject: =?utf-8?q?Herzliche_Gl=C3=BCckw=C3=BCnsche=2E?=

Herzliche Glückwünsche.

Ihre E-Mail hat Ihnen als Community die Summe von 2.000.000,00 € eingebracht
Spende von Oxfam Aid, für weitere Informationen kontaktieren Sie uns mit Ihrem
Qualifikationsnummer {OXG/111/461/BDB} so schnell wie möglich zur Auszahlung. Bitte beachten Sie, dass die E-Mail, die Sie kontaktieren sollen, unten aufgeführt ist.

Für mehr Informationen

Bitte beachten Sie, dass wenn Sie diese E-Mail in Ihrem Spam finden, dies auf ein kleines Netzwerk zurückzuführen ist.

Anti-fraud resources: