fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "NOEL KABILA" <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 26 Dec 2021 19:53:44 +0100
Subject: Good Day
Thank you for your consideration and assistance, I work with the coal mine=
s in Kinshasha as a Director.
I know this might be kind of sudden but take it as an opportunity that will=
bring interest to US, I am a Director in Mine =
here in Congo DR and incharge of the Beni Mine in Kinshasha.I happen to b=
e in procession of some =201Ccoltan=201D which is worth =
a lot because one stone costs about 5$ and I have about 400 Hundred thous=
and stones , and I am ready to send it from =
Congo to South Africa since I already have buyers coming from Dubai waitin=
g to pay and collect it through a Logistic =
The problem for me is that I cannot leave My JOB now at this moment and due=
to Covid-19 pandemic I cannot travel .
So I need you to be in charge and coordinate the transaction for me all I n=
eed is for your trust so that I can put in-
charge to conclude the transaction because I am still at work in Congo.If=
accepted we can work together on this business =
venture on a 70-30 sharing basis after the sale of the Coltan to my buyers=
,the buyers who are ready and I need to send =
the coltan which will take about three days to arrive your country.
Please I don=2019t want any money from you okay,I just need you to be trust=
ed that the Coltan will be secure when it is =
delivered in South Africa to conclude the transaction with the Buyers who =
are ready waiting for the coltan to arrive and =
then they can pay.I will send one of my workers to accompany the coltan.
I await your response for further details.
Details will be supplied as soon as I get your interest and confidentiality=
to work with me.