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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Evans E. Maxwell" <>
Date: Mon, 20 Dec 2021 18:54:46 -1100
Subject: Ich warte auf deine Antwort

Liebe Lottogewinner!

Wir freuen uns, Sie über den Ausgang des Internationalen
Online-Lotterie-Programms am 1. December 2021 zu informieren. Nummer: SMLL
/ 2021 / -968091 / 21, die damit in der 1. Kategorie gewann. Sie haben
daher Anspruch auf einen Pauschalbetrag von € 2.500.000,00 (zwei Millionen
fünfhunderttausend Pfund).

Wir empfehlen Ihnen, Ihren Treuhänder unter Verwendung der folgenden
Informationen zu kontaktieren, um weitere Informationen zur Einlösung Ihrer
Gewinne zu erhalten.

Mr Dominique Pierre
*E-Mail: (**)*

Herr Clarke Rexter
Internationale Lotterie (Koordinator)

Anti-fraud resources: