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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: David Martin <>
Date: Mon, 20 Dec 2021 18:47:06 -0800
Subject: EMERGENCY!!!

Your urgent response is highly needed!!!

My name is Mr. David Martin from IMF office, the International
Monetary of Funds.
The main reason why I emailed you is that the United States
government are competing all the scam victims and unpaid salaries, so
your email address was submitted and the United States government
handed over your own funds that worth sum of $32.8 million USA dollars
to be well delivered to you by our delivery agent Mr. Godwin James but
there is something controversy going on here in our office right now!
Some group of persons came here to claim this your fund saying that
you a die yesterday on an author car crash and before you embarks on
the journey that ends your life and you instructed them to come over
here in our office to claim your package, so our general director Ms.
Kristalina Georgieva ordered me to email to let you know what is going
on over your funds that is in our office, that is why I decided to
email you to know weather you are still alive or not before we can
hand your funds over to them.
So I'm looking forward to hear from you if you are truly alive that
you are not dead and we will get this people arrested.
If you are still alive i want you to send me your full details!!

Your full name_____
Your home address______
Your country's name____
Your nearest airport____
Your phone number____
Your ID card______
Your age______
So I'm looking forward to hear from you are if you are still alive
but if i didn't hear from you in next 24 hours I will hand this your
funds over to them and your soul rest in peace,! Amen!

Best regards
Mr. David Martin the IMF General Coordinator.

Anti-fraud resources: