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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: frd <>
Date: Mon, 20 Dec 2021 23:54:50 +0000
Subject: Read Carefully

Dear Sir/Madam,

To whom it may concern, The International Monetary Fund (IMF) through our
department, Financial Recovery Division (FRD) team. has approved all scam
victims/ victims of circumstance. all participants were selected randomly
through a computer draw system and entitled to receive compensation in
excess of ($2,500,000.00) each.

The fund was approved to be delivered to you within 2 days by cash through
diplomatic courier services. PLEASE NOTE: ( $5000.00) was removed from your
entitlement fund for all logistics expenses. Therefore, what you should be
expecting to receive is a cash of ($2,495,000.00). Kindly reply back to
Greg Dexter the head of Financial recovery division at (
for guideline and claim.

Anti-fraud resources: