fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "fiduciary agent" (real lotteries do not use a "claim agent" / "fiduciary agent")
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. Anthony White" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 20 Dec 2021 23:26:42 +0100
Subject: DEAR WINNER.
NOTE: If you received this message in your SPAM/BULK folder, that
isbecause of the restrictions implemented by your Internet Service
Provider,we (BMW) urge you to treat it genuinely. Dear BMW Enthusiast,
This is to inform you that you have been selected for a prize of a
brandnew 2022 Model BMW A 9 Series Car and a consignment box of worth
3.5million usd frominternational programs held on this second section
of 2021 in the RosevilleNew York. 95661, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. The
selection process was carried out through random selection in
ourcomputerized email selection system (ESS) from a database of over
250,000email addresses drawn from all the continents of the world
which you wereselected. The BMW Lottery is approved by the British
Gaming Board and also Licensedby the International Association of
Gaming Regulators (IAGR). To begin theprocessing of your prize you are
to contact our BMW fiduciary claimsdepartment for more information as
regards procedures to claim your prize. Fiduciary Agent:Dr. Anthony
White Contact Email:(email@example.com) Contact him by
providing him with your secret pin code NumberBMW:2551256003/23. You
are also advised to provide to him with the underlisted information as
soon as possible: 1. Name in full. 2. Address. 3. Nationality. 4. Age.
5. Phone No. 6. Present Country.8.Occupation