fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "claim agent" (real lotteries do not use a "claim agent" / "fiduciary agent")
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Paul Brown" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 20 Dec 2021 13:48:26 -0800
Subject: Email Owner The Winner
QATAR FIFA WORLD CUP 2022
LOTTERY PROMOTION CENTER
Yukari Dudullu, Nato Yolu Cd No:164,
34775 Dudullu Osb/Ümraniye/
Dear Lucky Winner,
CONGRATULATIONS: This is to inform you that your email address emerged as a Winner of an amount of US$1,500,000.00 Dollars, (One Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars) in the QATAR FIFA WORLD CUP 2022 GAME PROMOTION Draw held in Istanbul Turkey through an open Computer ballot JAVA System. This Promotional Lottery Draws sponsored by the Hisense, Microsoft and the World Health Organization (WHO) in Collaboration with the Center for Disease Control (CDC) to help provide financial assistance to families across the globe while working hard with so many nations to combat this world Coronavirus pandemic and also to support the coming QATAR FIFA WORLD CUP 2022 GAME.
All participants email was automatically entered in the draw as Microsoft collected all the Active email users globally for this promotion. Your email Address attached to Reference Number: WCD80010011 was luckily drawn to win you the prize in the category ''A''. Therefore a Pin Number has been issued for you to claim your prize. Pin code: 00357721.
For you to receive your US$1,500,000.00 Dollars (One Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars). You are advised to contact our European claim agents as stated below. After he finishes processing your Payment file, he will forward it to the appointed payment bank, Then the bank will contact you for urgent transfer of your fund to any of your nominated bank account, OR the bank will Issue you an International ATM VISA CARD, which you can use to withdraw your fund from any ATM Machine in your country or anywhere in the World.
CLAIM OFFICE ISTANBUL TURKEY.
Contact Agent: Mr. John Gibson
Contact E-mail: email@example.com
Forward the following information as stated below to them.
1. Full Name:
5. Mobile Number:
6. REFERENCE NUMBER: WCD80010011
Send the above information to submit your claim. You should only contact the above mentioned agent (Mr. John Gibson ) who shall direct you on how to receive your prize money. Please keep your winning Identification Numbers confidential to avoid double claims.
Mr. Paul Brown
WINNING NOTIFICATION OFFICER