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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: cavoli rodwell <>
Date: Mon, 20 Dec 2021 19:05:07 +0100
Subject: good day friend

good day friend

I am Sergeant rodwell cavoli originally from Lake Jackson Texas. I have
personally conducted a special research on the internet and came across
your information. I am writing you this mail from US Military Base Kabul
Afghanistan. I have a secured business proposal for you. If you are
interested contact me through my private email (
for more information.
Thank you.

Anti-fraud resources: