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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.Godwin Emefiele, (C.B.N)" <>
Date: Mon, 20 Dec 2021 17:52:59 +0100

This is to Inform you of a very important information which will be of
a great help to redeem you from all the difficulties you have been
experiencing in getting your long overdue Compensation fund, due to
excessive demand for money after which your Compensation fund worth
US$10,700,000.00 (Ten, Million Seven Hundred Thousand United States
Dollars) via ATM CARD remains unpaid. Respond to this e-mail on
( with immediate effect and we shall
give you further details on how your Compensation fund via ATM CARD
will be released.

Dr.Godwin Emefiele,
Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)

Anti-fraud resources: