fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Rex Leak firstname.lastname@example.org" <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 18 Dec 2021 23:54:10 +0900 (JST)
Subject: ATTN:DEAR BENEFICIARY
In reference to the signal received from our Investigative Team
concerning overdue payments. We write to inform you that some funds
have been recovered from some Security Companies, and sub financial
houses, meant to be paid out to owners but diverted.
However, it was found after due auditing and vetting of all payment
files, that your name was tagged on unpaid payment list. Thus, we are
informing you that all overdue payments have been approved and sum of
$4,500,000, as shown in our Gazette will be released to you after
re-confirmation of your details.
1) Your full name and Address,
2) Phone, fax or mobile.
Contact this office directly via Email, Text or Call to speed up
payment processing and release. Do discard this information, if you
are not the intended recipient.
All emails are read and attended. contact me here
Director, Foreign Matter