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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: BankUnited Bank <>
Date: Sat, 18 Dec 2021 02:07:52 -0800
Subject: Attention: Beneficiary,

BankUnited Bank
2875 S Ocean Blvd,
Palm Beach, FL 33480,USA.

Attention: Beneficiary,

Be inform that the U.S Government in conjunction with the united nation
organization has instructed us to credit the sum of $5 Million US dollar
into your account, the reason for this is because your name was among the
scam victims that lost a lot of money to African and European Fraudsters,
you are hereby advised to without delay stop all you have going on between
you and anybody on internet because you will end up at nothing, hence,
there are four options to receive your funds.

(1) By Bank to Bank Wire Transfer
(2) By Online Banking
(3) By Atm Card
(4) By Cheque/Certified Bank Draft.

We are waiting your immediate response with your information to enable this
bank proceeds immediately with the transfer of your fund and serve you

Full Name....................
Home Address.................
Valid Phone number............
Your Country........
Any Of Your Identity Card........

Do not send money up front fee to anyone from Europe or African again for
what so ever reason. The BankUnited Bank will immediately remit your
account once you reconfirm your banking details.Finally, you are advised to
respond to this letter to the email address below (


Leslie N. Lunak
Chief Financial Officer
BankUnited, Inc.

Anti-fraud resources: